I've been in love with this turquoise for awhile now, and tried to learn about the man it is named for, and his mine, but with little success. Luckily, Carol Weidman, a jewelry artisan who uses the turquoise in her jewelry, caught my error when I called it "Orville" Jack on a photo caption. She put me in touch with Grace Wintle, Mr. Jack's daughter, who patiently answered my questions about her father and their mine.
Back to 1956...Orvil Jack and his wife, Bessie, moved their family to Nevada in 1956. Orvil chose a mining site and they staked a few claims in Lander County, naming their mine Blue Ridge. Grace shares this early childhood memory of summertime mining:
- "Mining was such an adventure... after my father would make a pass with the dozer, I would run over the newly exposed dirt and look for pieces of turquoise. I was probably more trouble than help, but what fun I had!"
How Turquoise is MinedTurquoise miners begin the mining process by using a large bulldozer to remove the top dirt, called overburden. The miner watches very closely for the first sign of turquoise, and once a vein or pocket is located, switches to a smaller piece of equipment that provides more precise dirt removal.
After the turquoise vein is exposed, turquoise miners use air hammers to drill around the sides of it, bringing the vein more into the open. Finally, the miners turn to hand picks and shovels to carefully extract the turquoise -- and as Grace says, the rest is "good old fashioned hard work."
The miner takes the turquoise to another spot to clean, refine, and sort it. During the cleaning process, a saw can be used to cut the turquoise away from its host rock, the rock it formed against.
Orvil Jack's Favorite TurquoiseVivid green turquoise comes to mind when we hear the term Orvil Jack, but Grace says her father's favorite turquoise was always the beautiful blue spiderweb variety, like the stone used in this bolo tie owned by her father. In fact, she says that "Growing up, I remember we rarely came across a green piece, and when we did, we were told to throw it down... it just wasn't good enough to keep".
Orvil had a change of heart about green turquoise later in life. In about 1983, in one of the last places he dug for turquoise, Orvil discovered beautiful green stones. Something about them must have impressed him, because he continued to mine the area. He sold only a small amount of this "new" color, keeping the majority of the turquoise himself.
Orvil Jack passed away in 1986. A few years later, the family heard from Bob Hall and Lee Louden, talented beadmakers who were looking for the "fantastic green turquoise" from the Blue Ridge Mine. They bought the high grade, rough stones that were available, then returned the following year to help the family mine. Grace credits both men for much of the mine's success in the early 1990's.
Orvil Jack Turquoise is NaturalThe Blue Ridge Mine produces blue turquoise, too, and occasionally the Wintle's find rare, lemon yellow stones. Grace says that Orvil Jack was a staunch believer in selling only natural, untreated stone. He would never have considered treating any of his turquoise, and they maintain that belief, guaranteeing artisans a totally natural product.
Grace, her husband Jay, and their sons work the mine and sell rough turquoise to a group of jewelry artists, people they know personally and whose work they respect. They have a close relationship with their clientele, and try to accommodate their needs before accepting orders from others.
Orvil Jack is a name that will be known forever to everyone who appreciates turquoise. The man and the mine have made an impact on the turquoise world, playing a huge role in the increased appreciation of green variations. What a wonderful legacy.
Update: Sadly, Grace Wintle passed away in 2007. She will be missed by family, friends and members of the turquoise community.
See the Blue Ridge Mine
These photos show you work in progress at the Blue Ridge Mine.
See Orvil Jack Turquoise in Jewelry